Coulter-Nile collected 3-12 off his first five overs in his first match for Australia since playing against the West Indies in Bridgetown in June previous year.
Ajinkya Rahane, who opened the batting along with Rohit Sharma, was the first to go. Rahane managed only five.
The right-handed batsman even smashed three consecutive sixes in one over. The right-hander edged one from Coulter-Nile to Mathew Wade behind the wicket.
For the tourists, opener Hilton Cartwright would make his debut.
The former India captain had garnered a great deal of popularity in the Tamil Nadu capital, after his eight-season stint with the Chennai Super Kings in the Indian Premier League.
India were rattled by Nathan Coulter-Nile’s incredible line and length, and the likes of Ajinkya Rahane, Virat Kohli and Manish Pandey fell prey to his accurate spell.
Travis Head, as forecast by captain Steve Smith on match eve, will bat at No.4, while allrounder James Faulkner returns to the ODI XI for the first time since February having been overlooked for June’s Champions Trophy campaign. His innings was filled with five fours and five sixes.
However, the fans got the opportunity on Sunday and they made the most of it.
Brief Scores: India 281/7 (Hardik Pandya 83, Mahendra Singh Dhoni 79, Kedar Jadhav 40, Nathan Coulter-Nile 3/44, Marcus Stoinis 2/54) vs Australia.