Still, the resolution caps North Korea’s crude oil imports and bans North Korean textile exports, the nation’s trunk industry. “We are done trying to prod the regime to do the right thing” and instead are taking steps to prevent it “from doing the wrong thing”. The names of a few North Korean officials have also been added to UN’s blacklist, which results in the freezing of their assets overseas and a worldwide travel ban.
Geng Shuang, spokesman of China’s Foreign Ministry, said in a statement that the latest resolution “reflected the common position of its members to safeguard the peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula and the region, promote the denuclearization of the Peninsula and uphold the worldwide non-proliferation regime”.
“Hostile sanctions are like a delusion tantamount to expecting foolishly that the ocean would dry up”, one official told CNN, while emphasizing that the government had not yet released an official response.
South Korea said Wednesday it had conducted its first live-fire drill for an advanced air-launched cruise missile that would strengthen its pre-emptive strike capability against North Korea in the event of crisis.
But as China and Russian Federation made their opposition known, US diplomats backed down, agreeing to gradually reduce, instead of ban, oil exports to Pyongyang.
Before the draft resolution was put to a vote Monday, China and the USA reportedly renegotiated the document, softening the blow in certain places.
“It was hard to find out how powerful the nuclear test was with the amount of xenon detected, but we can say the xenon was from North Korea”, Choi Jongbae, executive commissioner, told a news conference in Seoul.
“It is up to the worldwide community to see that these resolutions are implemented”, he warned.
House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce urged Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Defense Secretary James Mattis last week to step up the imposition of USA sanctions on Chinese entities that help enable North Korea’s illicit activities, according to a column carried in the Monday edition of The Washington Post.
According to Chinese customs data, North Korea imports almost 2.2 million barrels a year in petroleum products, but some USA officials believe the true number is much higher: about 4.5 million barrels.
Here are some key questions on UNSC resolution 2375, and its attempt to end the North’s nuclear weapons and missile programmes.
The initial text included a total ban on oil imports, a measure seen by some analysts as potentially destabilising for the regime.
“The North Korean regime has not yet passed the point of no return”, she said. They’re in for a disappointment because the second thing we know about North Korea is that it has weathered a series of Security Council sanctions resolutions, doesn’t fear them, and cares not a whit about global opprobrium. “We also have U.S. sanctions that go beyond the United Nations sanctions”.
Royce’s committee has written a letter to the Trump administration listing large Chinese entities ripe for sanctions, including the Chinese Agricultural Bank and the China Merchant Bank, Rogin wrote.
After late-night negotiations Sunday with China, the US delegation broadly weakened a sanctions proposal that Beijing was unwilling to support.
The US ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley, told the Security Council after the vote: “We don’t take pleasure in further strengthening sanctions today”.
“This threat is what unites us in the security council and, I hope, what will bring us towards unity when it comes to the vote and hopefully beyond”, he added. Beijing has repeatedly hesitated in the past to fully support United States sanction plans.
The agency says it hasn’t found traces of tritium that accompany a hydrogen bomb test.
South Korea is naturally anxious about what North Korea can do. Experts are not so sure, but as long as Pyongyang claims to have the technology, the working assumption is that it’s true.