Several diplomats said the US demand for a speedy council vote was aimed at putting maximum pressure on China and reflected Washington’s escalating concern over North Korea’s latest nuclear test, which its leaders touted as a hydrogen bomb, and its recent ballistic missile launch over Japan.
Russian Federation has said sanctions aren’t working and President Vladimir Putin expressed concern that a total oil cutoff could hurt the North Korean people. The resolution bans Pyongyang from exporting textiles while capping how much crude oil and refined petroleum products can be imported. But they are concerned about the nuclear and missile tests. It did not identify the contents and said Syria has yet to respond to its inquiries.
Photos released on Sunday by KCNA showed the young leader breaking into a broad smile at the People’s Theatre with two prominent scientists: Ri Hong Sop, head of North Korea’s Nuclear Weapons Institute, and Hong Sung Mu, deputy director of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea’s munitions industry department.
Celebrations by North Korea comes as the United Nations secretary general Antonio Guterres said the showdown over North Korea’s nuclear and missile programme was the world’s worst crisis “in years”.
The U.N. Security Council was scheduled to vote late Monday on a new, watered-down sanctions resolution against North Korea that eliminates initial US demands to ban all oil imports to the country and freeze worldwide assets of the government and its leader Kim Jong Un.
“We’re convinced that diverting the gathering menace from the Korean Peninsula could be done not through further and further sanctions, but by political means”, he said.
Local news reports said that in May Yapizon had more than 3,800 bitcoins worth $15 million stolen – although FireEye said there were no clear indications of North Korean involvement in that case.
Among other concessions the new text also softens proposed restrictions on North Koreans working overseas, and on the inspection by force of ships suspected of carrying cargo prohibited by the UN.
“Alongside the UN-imposed sanctions, global cooperation is also required to curb the North’s cyber-hacking which can be used to finance its nuclear and missile programmes”, he said. It retains language reaffirming support for long-stalled six-party talks with that goal involving North Korea, the U.S., Russia, China, Japan and South Korea.
And between October 2016 and May 2017, it exported iron and steel products to Egypt, China, France, India, Ireland and Mexico valued at $305,713.
As for violations of the arms embargo, the panel said it was conducting investigations in Angola, Congo, Eritrea, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania and Uganda as well as Syria. One thing that remained in both of these drafts is a ban on North Korean textile exports.
They are also investigating reports that the same company is repairing and upgrading Tanzania’s surface-to-air missile systems. It would prohibit all new and existing joint ventures and cooperative arrangements with a single exception. This time officials said they wanted to circulate their own draft.
As for shipping, the experts said the number of foreign-flagged DPRK vessels has been “dramatically reduced” in response to United Nations sanctions. “If North Korea continues its risky path, we will continue with further pressure”.